Reader Note: Many of the materials cited below often played a background role in informing the direction of our research or our thinking. Owing to the rather large size of our bibliography, it was not printed in either of our two books given the many additional pages it would have required. Thus we offer it on-line. That said however, it should be noted that not all references quoted in our two books, and then cited in our End Notes section at the back of each book by chapter, will necessarily be found here.



Achbar, Mark and Abbott, Jennifer (2003).  The Corporation (the film documentary), Mark Achbar, Producer and Co-Director; Jennifer Abbott, Co-Director and Editor; Joel Bakan, Writer.  Video links available in some countries.

Adelman, Larry (2008). “Unnatural Causes: Is inequality making us sick?” California Newsreel and Vital Pictures, Inc., broadcast in the US on PBS commencing March 27 until April 24, 2008.  (Abstract:  Seven episode series on the subject of public health in relationship to social status.)

Addis, Donna R. et al (2010.04). “There are age-related changes in neural connectivity during the encoding of positive, but not negative, information. Cortex, Elsevier Italy, Vol. 46, No. 4, pp. 425-433.

Adler, Peter et al (2003). “Stalin – Man of Steel”, The History Channel, Channel 4, S8S TV, and 2DF Enterprises co-production.  Written and directed by Peter Adler, Oliver Halmburger, Stefan Brauburger, Ralf Piechowiak and Alexander Berkel.  US version produced by: Doc Jarden and Anne O. Craig.

Aiello, Leslie (2008).  See: Ireland, Corydon (2008).  Harvard News Office.

Aiello, Leslie C. and Wheeler, Peter (1995).  “The Expensive-Tissue Hypothesis: The Brain and the Digestive System in Human and Primate Evolution”, Current Anthropology, Volume 36, Number 2, 1995.04.

Alberts, Sheldon (2009).  “U.S. diplomat quits, calls Afghan war a misadventure”, Calgary Herald, dateline: Washington D.C., 2009.10.27. Abstract:  Matthew Hoh, a 36-year-old ex-marine resigned his civilian post in Afghanistan because his experience there suggested the US was waging a futile effort to “secure and bolster a failing state” that has been embroiled in a civil war for the past 35 years.

Albrecht, Karl (2005).  Social Intelligence:  The New Science of Success.  San Francisco: Pfeiffer.

Alda, Alan (2010).  The Human Spark, (see: Chedd, Graham 2009).

Alderfer, Clayton P. (1972).  Existence, Relatedness, and Growth: Human Needs in Organizational Settings, New York:  Free Press.

Alexander, Meredith (2001).  “Stanford Prison Experiment: Thirty-Year Retrospective”,  2001.08.22.

Alfano, Sean (2007).  “Cost of Edwards’ Haircuts Hits $1,250”, CBS News/Associated Press, 2007.07.05.

Allan, Chantal (2009).  “Bomb Canada:  If you think anti-Americanism is bad in Canada, you should listen to some of the things they say about us”, Ottawa Citizen, Arguments, 2009.10.26 page A-13.  (Abstract:  Los Angeles-based former CBC Radio reporter Chantal Allan is author of Bomb Canada and Other Unkind Remarks in the American Media, UBC Press, 2009.  In 2002, in the months leading up to the US invading Iraq, Jonah Goldberg at the National Review magazine said that an empty structure like one of Canada’s many hockey arenae should be bombed so it would begin to rearm itself and quit relying on US military might for its protection.  To quote:  “...the US owes it to Canada to slap it out of its shame-spiral.  That’s what big brothers do.”  After Canada decided not to participate in the invasion along with Britain, a growing number of Americans viewed Canada in less favourable terms.)

Allport, G.W. (1960). Personality and Social Encounter:  Selected essays.  Beacon Press, Boston.

Allport, G. W. (1960).  Pattern and growth in personality. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N.Y. (2003).  “Drive Reduction Theory”, Heffner Media Group, Inc. (

Amen, Daniel G. (2008).  “Change Your Brain, Change Your Life”. High Five Entertainment production, broadcast on PBS Detroit December 16, 2008. [See: Hall, Harriet M.D. (2007) for critique.]

Amen, Daniel G. (2008).  “Magnificent Mind at Any Age”. High Five Entertainment production, broadcast on PBS Detroit December 16, 2008.  [See: Hall, Harriet M.D. (2007) for critique.]

American Spectator (2001).  “An interview with Carver Mead”, American Spectator, September/October 2001, Vol. 34 Issue 7, p. 68.

Ananthaswamy, Anil (2009).  “Signature of consciousness captured in brain scans”, Science, DOI:  10.1126, 2009.11.12.  Abstract:  Princeton University researcher Aaron Schurger and colleagues hypothesized that the conscious awareness of a picture should produce similar patterns of neural activity.  N = 12.  Conscious processing the same, while sub-conscious processing was not the same.  Implication?  The conscious mind follows a more predictable and therefore more “structured” pattern of neuronal connections, implying that the conscious process is not as creative as the subconscious process.

Anderson, Mark (2009). “Is Quantum Mechanics Controlling Your Thoughts?” Discover Magazine, February, 2009.

Angelini, Leonardo et al (2007). “Multi-scale analysis of short-term heart beat interval, arterial blood pressure, and instantaneous lung volume time series”, Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, [0933-3657], Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 237-250.

Annaud, Jean-Jacques (1997).  Seven Years in Tibet, Repérage and Vanguard Films/Applecross production.  Quote from the 1 hr. 35 minute mark in the motion picture.

Appel Jonathan and Kim-Appel, Dohee (2010). “The Multipath Approach to Personality: Towards a Unified Model of Self”, Psychology, Scientific Research. See:

Armstrong, Carolyn (2008).  “The street made safe for texting and walking”, The London Evening Standard, 2008.03.04.

Aronson, E. (1995). The Social Animal, Seventh Edition.  New York:  W.H. Freeman and Company.

Asch, S. (1956).  “Studies of independence and conformity:  A minority of one against a unanimous majority”.  Psychological Monographs, 70 - 9 No. 416.   As cited in:  Aronson, E. (1995).

Asch, Solomon (1951). “Effects of group pressure upon the modification and distortion of judgement” in M.H. Guetzkow (Ed.), Groups, Leadership and Men (pp. 117-190), Pittsburgh:  Carnegie.

Ashcroft, Richard (1997).  “Bittersweet Symphony”, Urban Hymns (music album) by The Verve,, Hut recording label.  Music melody based on the Andrew Oldham Orchestra recording of the 1965 Rolling Stones song:  “The Last Time” by Jagger, Mick and Richards, Keith.  New music lyrics by Ashcroft, Richard, vocalist for the Verve.  Relevant extract from lyrics: “Cause it’s a bittersweet symphony, this life, trying to make ends meet, you’re a slave to money then you die.”

Atwood, Margaret (2008).  “Pay Back:  Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth”, The Massey Lecture Series on CBC Ideas, Broadcast by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Radio One. Broadcast nationally, Nov. 10-14, 2008.

Azevedo, Frederico A.C. et al (2009).  Journal of Comparative Neurology, Vol. 513, Issue 5, pages 532-541, 2009.04.10.



Badiner, A.H. (2004), “Personal Voices:  Is Bush the Anti-Buddha?” AlterNet, May 17.

Bajramovic, Hifzija and Perkins, Rosalie, A. (1997).  The Process of Victimization Theory, Department of Psychiatry, Ottawa Hospital, internal department research paper, and B.A. Honours Thesis for the Dept. of Psychology, Carleton University. New link to document here.

Bajramovic, Hifzija and Reesal, Robin T. (1989).  See: Reesal, Robin T.

Bakan, Joel (2004). The Corporation:  The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power, Penguin Canada.  For the film documentary of the same name, see: Achbar, Mark; Abbott, Jennifer; and Bakan, Joel (2003).

Ball, Philip (2004). “Natural selection acts on the quantum world”, Nature, Nature Publishing Group,

Balter, Michael (2010).  “Foster Care for Chimps”, ScienceNow Daily News, 2010.01.29.

Balyaev, Igor Y. et al. (2009).  See:  Markovà, Eva (2010).

Bandler, Richard & Grinder, John (1979).  Frogs into Princes:  Neuro Linguistic Programming TM Moab, Utah:  Real  People Press.  Abstract:  Based on an edited transcript of audiotapes of introductory NLP training workshops.

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1961). “Transmission of aggressions through imitation of aggressive models”. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582.

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1963). “Imitation of film-mediated aggressive models”. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66, 3-11.

Barboza, David (2008).  “In Chinese Factories, Lost Fingers and Low Pay”, The New York Times, 2008.01.05.

Bard, Mitchell (2009).  “Israel’s Security Fence”, Jewish Virtual Library, a division of the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 2009.07.09

Barinaga, Marcia (2003). “Studying the Well-Trained Mind”, Science, October, 2003 302: 44-46.

Barinaga, Marcia (1999).  “The Mapmaking Mind”, Science, Vol. 285, no. 5425, July 9, 1999, pp. 189-192.

Barinaga, Marcia (1999). “Shedding Light on Visual Imagination”, Science, Vol. 284, no. 5411, Apr 2, 1999, p. 22.

Barinaga, Marcia (1998). “How the Brain Sees in Three Dimensions”, Science, Vol. 281, no. 5376, 24 July, 1998, pp. 500-501.

Barker, Susan E. (1998).  “The Cuddle Hormone:  Research links oxytocin and socio-sexual behaviors”, Inside Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, N.Y. Sept.-Oct. Edition. Source:

Bar-Lev, Amir and Battsek, John (2010).  The Tillman Story, the Weinstein Company.  Abstract:  Documentary about how the US military and political system appears to have used professional football player Pat Tillman joining the US Army Rangers in 2002, and subsequent death in Afghanistan as a propaganda pawn.  It was later revealed he was killed in a friendly fire incident the details of which had initially been withheld from both the family and the general public.

Bar-On, Reuven (2007).   The Bar-On Model of Emotional-Social Intelligence.

Barringer, Mark (1999).  The Oxford Companion to American Military History, Oxford University Press.

Barry, Dan et al. (2003).  “Correcting the Record; Times Reporter Who Resigned Leaves Long Trail of Deception, New York Times, 2003.05.11.  Source:

Bartlett, S., Lerose, M., and Slinger, H. (2010).  “Hyper Parents and Coddled Kids”, Dreamfilm Productions in association with Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Doc Zone Senior Producer Linda Laughlin.  Broadcast on CBC News Network:  2010.02.04 and 02.05.

Batista, A.P. Buneo, C.A., Snyder, L.H., Andersen, R.A. (1999).  “Reach Plans in Eye-Centered Coordinates”, Science, Vol. 285, no. 5425, July, 1999, pp. 257-260.

Beauchesne, Eric (2005). “One in five Canadians dreads going to work”, Ottawa Citizen, September 2, 2005.

BBC News (2008). “Rwanda: How the genocide happened”. BBC News, 2008.12.18.

BBC News (2004).  “Running ‘key to human evolution’: Long-distance running may have been a driving force behind evolution of the modern human body”, BBC News, 2004.11.18.

BBC. “Joseph Stalin”, Historic Figures,

Beck, Don Edward and Cowan, Christopher C. (1996).  Spiral Dynamics:  Mastering Values, Leadership and Change, Oxford:  Blackwell Publishers

Becker, J.B. & Meisel, R.L. (2007).  “Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology of Reward”, in the Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology, Behavioral Neurochemistry, Neuroendocrinology and Molecular Neurobiology, Abel Lajtha and Jeffrey D. Blaustein, Eds., Springer.

Becker, Robert O. and Selden, Gary (1985).  The Body Electric, 1987 edition by New York: Harper Books. (Original edition by New York:  Morrow.)

Beecher, H.K. (1955). “The Powerful Placebo”, Journal of the American Medical Association, Volume 159 (17), pages 1602-1606.

Bell, Christopher (2008). Bigger, Stronger, Faster:  The Side Effects of Being American.  2008 BSF Film, LLC   Directed by Christopher Bell.  Written by Christopher Bell, Alexander Buono, Tamsin Rawady.  Producers Alexander Buono, Tamsin Rawady and Jim Czarnecki.  Broadcast on the CBC News Network’s Passionate Eye series: 2010.01.31.

Belyaev, I; Markova, E and Malmgren L (2009).  “Microwaves from Mobile Phones Inhibit 53BP1 Focus Formation in Human Stem Cells Stronger than in Differentiated Cells:  Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk”, Environ Health Perspect, October 22.  In print.

Ben Jacob, Eshel, Shapira, Yoash, and Tauber, Alfred I. (2006). “Seeking the foundations of cognition in bacteria: From Schrödinger’s negative entropy to latent information”, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Vol. 359, pp 495-524.

Benson, H., Shapiro, D., Tursky, B., & Schwartz, G.E. (1971). “Decreased systolic blood pressure through operant conditioning techniques in patients with essential hypertension.” Science, 217.

Berardelli, Phil (2010). “When Pigeons Flock, Who’s in Command?”  ScienceNow, Science Magazine’s digital news service, 2010.04.08.

Berenyi, Valerie (2010).  “It’s my party and I’ll spend if I want to”, Calgary Herald, 2010.03.03.

Bertalanffy, Ludwig von (1969).  See:  Von Bertalanffy, Ludwig (1969).

Bezruchka, Stephen (MD) (2009).  Capitalism and Health, public talk delivered at the Universalist Church in Edmonds, Washington, 2009.07.19.

Biello, David (2007).  “It’s Not What Chimps Say, It’s What They Gesture”, Scientific American, May 1, 2007.

Bierman, D.J. & Radin, D.I. (1997).  “Anomalous anticipatory response on randomized future conditions”,  Perceptual  and Motor Skills, 1997; 84: 689-90.

Bierman, D.J. (1998).  “Anomalous aspects of intuition”,  Society for Scientific Exploration. Fourth Biennial European society meeting, Valencia, Spain, October 9-11.

Bischof, Marco (2008.05). “A tribute to Fritz-Albert Popp on the occasion of his 70th birthday”, International Journal of Experimental Biology, Volume 46, pp. 267-272.

Blackmore, Susan (2001).  “Evolution and Memes:  The human brain as a selective imitation device”, Cybernetics and Systems, Vol. 32:1, 225-255, Philadelphia:  Taylor and Francis.

Blake, Brianna (2010).  “For Lots of People, Getting Older Means Getting Happier”, Voice of America Health Report.

Bloom, Howard (2010).  The Genius of the BeastA Radical Revision of Capitalism, Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.

Bloom, Howard (2000).  Global Brain:  The Evolution of Mass Mind from the Big Bang to the 21st Century, New York & Toronto:  John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Bloom, Howard (1995).  The Lucifer Principle: A Scientific Expedition into the Forces of History, New York:  The Atlantic Monthly Press.

Bracha, H.S. et al. (2004). “Does ‘Fight or Flight’ Need Updating?”, Psychosomatics, The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 45: 448-449, October 2004.

Brain, Marshall (2002). “How Radio Works”,,

Bramble, Dennis and Lieberman, Daniel (2004). “Endurance running and the evolution of Homo”, Nature Magazine, Volume 432, pp 345-352, 2004.11.18.

Braverman, Eric R. (2004).  The Edge Effect, New York:  Sterling Publishing.

Bringmann, A. et al. (2002). “Activation of P2Y receptors stimulates potassium and cation currents in acutely isolated human Müller (glial) cells”, Glia. 2002 Feb; 37 (2): pp 139-152. (2009).  “Hull’s Drive Reduction Theory”, Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

British Broadcasting Corporation (2010.10.22).  “Unplugged:  Living without the media”, BBC News, Rory Cellan-Jones reporting. (Abstract: Could you survive without the media for 24 hours?)

Brockman, John (1995). The Third Culture – Beyond the Scientific Revolution, Simon & Shuster.

Brown, Amanda (2006). “Cell phones: Invisible hazards of the wireless age”, Common Ground, Vancouver, British Columbia, Dec., 2006.

Brown, Eryn (2012.02.27). “Wealthy motivated by greed, are more likely to cheat, study finds”, Los Angeles Times, reporting on research presented by Paul Piff from the University of California – Berkely in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.,0,5965885.story

Brown, T.M. and Fee, E (2002). “Walter Bradford Cannon: Pioneer Physiologist of Human Emotions”, American Journal of Public Health, October, Vol 92, No. 10; pp 1594-1595.

Browne, Malcolm (1988.08.16) “The Benzene Ring:  Dream Analysis”, The New York Times.

Bryner, Jeanna (2010). “Does Old Age Bring Happiness or Despair?” LiveScience, 2010.04.04.

Buckner, Noel and Whittlesey, Rob (2004).  “Dogs and More Dogs”.  PBS Nova, WGBH Boston, 2004.02.

Bunting, Judith (1999). “Time Travel:  Traveling to times past – from science fiction to reality”.  A BBC-WGBH Co-Production for NOVA.

Buzsáki, György (2006).  Rhythms of the Brain, New York: Oxford University Press.



Cabanac, Michel (1999).  “Emotion and Phylogeny”, Japanese Journal of Physiology, 1999 Feb; 49 (1):1-10.

Cahill, Thomas (2002).  Pope John XXIII, New York:  A Lipper/Viking Book.

Cahoon, Lauren (2009). “Chimps Trade Meat for the Chance of Sex”, ScienceNow Daily News, (Science Magazine’s on-line service), 2009.04.08 Abstract: A report on the work of primatologists Cristina Gomes and Christophe Boesch at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany published in PLoS ONE.  They observed “a group of five male and 14 female chimps living in the Côte d'Ivoire’s Taï National Park and kept track of all meat-sharing exchanges and copulations for three years” and 90 their successful hunts in which chimps typically preyed on monkeys.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Radio One (2012.04.28). “Robot Evolution”, Quirks and Quarks science show.  Interview with scientist/author John Long. Time mark: 5 mins. into the interview and onwards.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.10.21).  “Alleged hazing at U of A investigated”, CBC News.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.09.30). “Changing Your Mind”, The Nature of Things, Michael Sherrin: Producer/Director; Norman Doidge and Michael Sherrin: Writers, 90th Parallel Productions Limited., in association with CBC and Arte France.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.09.16).  “Darwin’s Brave New World:  Publish and be Damned”, The Nature of Things¸ Lisa Matthews, drama director, Jason Bourque documentary director; Katherine Thomson, writer; Australia-Canada co-production 2009.  Copyright: Screen Australia, Screen World, Ferris Productions and New South Wales Film.  Broadcast:  2010.09.16.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.08.08).  Interview with 1998 Nobel Prize winner in Economics, Amartya Sen, Writers & Company, CBC Radio One, broadcast 2010.08.08 at 17:00 hrs. PDT.  Abstract:  Interview recorded in the year 2000 in Boston.  It covers the life and work of Amartya Sen.  Born in the Indian state of Bengal in 1933, he eventually became a Cambridge-schooled economist, the 1998 Nobel Prize laureate in economics, and then professor of economics and philosophy at Harvard University.  He is also the author of “The Idea of Justice”, “Development as Freedom”, “On Ethics and Economics”, and “Inequality Re-examined”.  According to Sen, Mao said that during the time of the three-year famine, people were in a state of fearfulness, and were highly reluctant to report problems to government officials, something which exacerbated the famine.  Time mark:  Approximately 30 minutes into the interview.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.06.16).  “Aqsa Parvez’s father, brother get life sentences: No Parole for 18 years in ‘honour killing’” CBC News, 2010.06.16.  CBC The National video clip:

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.04.19).  “The Movement for Happiness:  An interview with Richard Laird”, CBC Radio One, The Q.   Interview available on podcast at:

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.02.06). “Quantum Pond Scum”, CBC Radio One, Quirks & Quarks. Abstract:  An interview with physical chemist Greg Scholes about how marine algae uses quantum mechanical properties to photosynthesize sunlight into energy.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.01.30). “Homing In on Echolocation”, CBC Radio One, Quirks & Quarks. Abstract:  An interview with one of the co-researchers Dr. Brock Fenton. University of Western Ontario of research paper published in Nature magazine 2010.01.24 under the title “A bony connection signals laryngeal echolocation in bats by authors Veselka, Nina et al.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.01.23). “Solar Powered Sea Slugs”, CBC Radio One, Quirks & Quarks.  Abstract:  A look at the research of Dr. Sidney Pierce, University of Florida.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.01.19).  “Dolphins as Persons”, CBC Radio One, The Current, part two.  [mp3 file: runs 23:44]

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2010.01.09).  “Feeling Optimism”, CBC Radio One, Definitely Not the Opera. [mp3 file: runs 1:14:27]

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2009.12.13).  The Jellyfish Invasion, broadcast on CBC Newsworld. 20:00 hrs. PST.  (See:  National Geographic 2009 for further production details.)

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2009.12.06).  “Jill Bolte Taylor”, Tapestry, CBC Radio One.  Broadcast:  2009.12.06.  15:00hrs. PST.  Abstract:  Interview of US-based brain scientist Jill Bolte Taylor, author of “My Stroke of Insight:  A Brain Scientist’s Personal Journey”, a first person account of her experience of a stroke that brought her right brain capacities to greater prominence, showing her the left brain’s more limited view of reality and consciousness, and her greater appreciation of the 50 trillion cells that comprise our bodies.  On-line interview available by consulting past shows on designate website.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2009.10.14).  “Testosterone drives men to buy fast cars”,, 2009.10.14.  Abstract:  News story about study published in the Journal of Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and conducted by Concordia University’s School of Business which found that when men were allowed to drive an expensive sports car, their measured testosterone level significantly increased as compared to when they drove a 16-year-old sedan.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2009.11.09).  “The Language and Practice of Politics”, Ideas: The Enright Files, CBC Radio One, broadcast nationally 2009.11.09. 21:00hrs. EST.  Abstract:  Review of the phrase ‘War on Terror’ and the West’s questionable military intervention in Afghanistan, with David Fromm, Janice Stein, Lawrence Wright and Paul Rogers; and critical analysis of the essay entitled: ‘The Paranoid Style in American Politics’ by Richard Hofstadter, originally published in Harper’s Magazine, November 1964, pp. 77-86.)

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2009).  “Living on Oxford Time”, CBC Radio Ideas, Dan Falk, broadcast 2009.07.17 21:00hrs. PDT.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2009).  “How to think about science”, CBC Radio Ideas, broadcast across Canada between January and June of 2009.  A twenty-four part series on the nature and limitations of scientific thought as presented by scientists and philosophers.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2009.01.25). “Simple Gifts”, Tapestry, interview of Bill Henderson author of Simple Gifts:  Great Hymns – One Man’s Search for Grace, Simon & Schuster (2006 and 2007), discussing the theology of punishment versus the capacity of music and singing to allow people to connect.  Broadcast nationally:  2009.01.25.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008.12.30).  “Fixing My Brain”, Matter of Fact Media, Dylyn, Vanessa, Toronto.  Documentary broadcast on CBC Newsworld, 2008.12.30, 22:00 hrs. EST and PST, and 2009.01.01, 18:30 hrs. as part of “The Lens” series.  Based on the work of Norman Doidge, author of The Brain that Changes Itself (2007). Abstract:  Examines an alternative approach to addressing learning disabilities in the Arrowsmith schools in Canada and the brain science of neuroplasticity.)

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). “Alter Ego”, The Q, CBC Radio One .  An interview with British visual artist Robbie Cooper who explored the relationship between the appearance of young people and the fantasy characters they create for themselves in video games.  Broadcast 2008.12.11.  Visual depictions can be seen at: .

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008).  “Moral Clarity”, Ideas, CBC Radio One.  An interview with American philosopher and scholar Susan Neiman (author of Evil in Modern Thought and Moral Clarity:  A Guide for Grown Up Idealists).  2008.12.11.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008.10.31).  “Sick People or Sick Societies?”  CBC Ideas.  Exploration of relationship between health and wealth in various countries and the reasons for the discrepancies, by freelance journalist Jill Eisen.  Broadcast: 2008.10.31 and 2008.11.07.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008).  “Religious belief as a form of Stockholm Syndrome”, Tapestry.  Interview of Shalom Auslander, author of “Foreskin’s Lament:  A Memoir” (Riverhead Books).  Broadcast nationally: 2008.10.05. 15:00 hrs. PDT.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008).  “The Stolen Child:  The Story of Pastedechouan”, Tapestry, CBC Radio One.  Broadcast:  2008.06.22 15:00 hrs. PDT. Abstract:  Interview of Emma Anderson, University of Ottawa professor of North American Religious History and author of Betrayal of Faith: The Tragic Journey of a Colonial Native Convert, Harvard University Press, 2007.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). “Slap on some bug spray…” D.N.T.O. (Definitely not the Opera).  Broadcast:  2008.06.14 14:00hrs.-15:00hrs. segment. (Abstract:  Program host Sook-Yin Lee interviews “Survivorman” television star Les Stroud about living in the wilderness and its effects on the mind and human relationships.)

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008).  “If it be your will”, Listen to the Music.  An interview of musician-poet Leonard Cohen by Kari Hesthamar from Radio Norway.  Broadcast:  2008.06.15 20:00hrs.-21:00hrs.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008).  “The Mad, the Bad & the Ugly”, an Ideacom production directed by Philippe Gagnon and Ben Duffield.  Broadcast on CBC Newsworld – The Lens: 2008.03.31.  (Abstract: Show highlighting the three worst types of drivers, the aggressive, the distracted and the tired.)

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). “Conrad Black: Timeline”, CBC News, 2008.03.03.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2007).  “Straight from the Harp”, The Sunday Edition, Marjorie Nichol, Executive Producer, Frank Foulk story producer.  Radio documentary covering role of using the harp instrument and vibro-acoustics in pain management at Hawkesbury District General Hospital, Ontario, Canada.  Broadcast:  2007.10.21.  Duration:  21 minutes 32 seconds.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2007).  “Changing Genes”, The National, Kelly Crowe reporting on the field of epigenetics with interview of Dr. Moshe Szyf from McGill University in Montreal, and Dr. Mark Tarnopolsky from McMaster University in Hamilton: 2007.09.17.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2007).  As It Happens interview of UCLA Medical School researcher Rie Takahashi.  Broadcast nationally:  2007.05.18. between 18:30 hrs. & 19:30 hrs. PDT. Abstract: Re. the transcription of amino acids to musical notation.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2000).  “Humans – Who are we?  The Birth of the Human Mind,” The Nature of Things. Michael Allder, Executive Producer.  Broadcast on CBC Television March 13, 2000.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (1999).  “Advertising”, The Passionate Eye.  Broadcast on CBC Newsworld, November 1, 1999.

Canadian Press (2009).  Childhood abuse can permanently alter genes, as posted on the CTV News website, 2009.02.23 08:34 AM ET.

Cannon, Walter (1932).  The Wisdom of the Body, W.W. Norton, New York. (American physiologist who developed the concept of homeostasis.)

Cantero, Jose L. et al. 2003. “Theta Rhythms – Sleep-Dependent Theta Oscillations in the Human Hippocampus and Neocortex”, The Journal of Neuroscience, November 26, 2003, Volume 23, Number 34, pp 10897-10903.

Carey, Benedict (2005).  “For the Worst of Us, the Diagnosis May Be ‘Evil’”, The New York Times, 2005.02.08.

Carlo, George L. and Shram, Martin (2002).  “Cell Phones:  Invisible Hazards in the Wireless Age”, New York:  Carroll & Graf Publishers.  Medical scientist George Carlo outlines the serious health risk caused by our increasing exposure to both localized and ambient electro-magnetic fields in a feature interview broadcast on CFRO 102.7 FM, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, on April 23, 2008 at 13:00hrs. PDT.

Carré, Jean-Michel and Emery, Jill (2007).  “The Putin System”, Les Films Grain de Sable, France, broadcast on CBC Newsworld’s program The Passionate Eye, November 18, 2007 and April 27, 2008 at 22:00hrs. ET/PT.  A documentary examining the ascendancy of Vladimir Putin to the Russian presidency:

Cassel, C.K. (2002).  “Use it or lose it:  Activity may be the best treatment for aging”, Journal of the American Medical Association, November 13; 288 (18): 2333-5.

Cellan-Jones, Rory (2010).  “Unplugged: Living without the media”, BBC News, 2010.10.22.

Centre for Social Justice (2009).  Every Family Matters:  An in-depth review of family law in Britain, Centre for Social Justice, Breakthrough Britain task force report. 2009.07.13.

Chantrill, Christopher (2009).  UK Public Spending, Christopher Chantrill website content provider and e-publisher.

Chedd, Graham (2009).  The Human Spark, WNET Thirteen, Educational Broadcasting Corporation, PBS.   Three part documentary series about human evolution directed by Larry Engel, and written and produced by Graham Chedd.  Program One:  Becoming Us (broadcast 2010.01.07); Program Two:  So Human, So Chimp (broadcast 2010.01.12); Program Three: Brain Matters (broadcast 2010.01.19). (2009).  Why Him? Why Her? Microsite, (See: Fisher, Helen 2009 for more information.)

Chimpanzee Sequencing and Analysis Consortium (2005).  “Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome”, in Nature, 437, 69-87 (September 1, 2005).

Chopra, Deepak (1991).  Perfect Health: The Complete Mind/Body Guide.  New York: Harmony Books.

Chopra, Shiv (2009). Corrupt to the Core: Memoirs of a Health Canada Whistleblower, Kos Publishing.

Christiansen, Morten H. and Kirby, Simon. (Eds.) (2003). Language Evolution, Oxford University Press.

Cifra, M et al (2010). “Electromagnetic cellular interactions.”  Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, in press.

Cifra, M. et al (2007).  “Electrical Vibrations of Yeast Cell Membrane,” PIERS Online, Volume 3, No. 8, pp. 1190-1194.

Cifra, M et al (2007). See Van Wijk, E. (2007) regarding photon emission from human hands.

Cleese, John (2009).  See Ghomeshi, Jian (2009). CBC Radio One interview.

Clements, Alan and Brady, David W. (2006).  The Protestant Revolution: Part Three – A Reformation of the Mind, IWC Media, Glasgow and Cream Productions, Toronto.  BBC4 and Vision TV co-production narrated by Tristram Hunt, Queen Mary College, University of London. Broadcast: 2008.11.10 19:00hrs. PDT, re-broadcast:  2009.06.22. (2003).  “Saddam ‘caught like a rat’ in a hole”, CNN, 2003.12.15 (2002).  “Bush State of the Union address”, Inside Politics, CNN transcript of the President Bush’s first State of the Union address, posted:  2002.01.29.

Cohen, Phil (2006).  “Treating Trauma on a Grand Scale”, Scientific American, November 29, 2006,

Collini, E., Wong C.Y., Wilk, K.E., Curmi, P.M.G., Brumer, P., and Scholes, G.D. (2010). “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature”, Nature 463, pp 644-647 (2010.02.04).

Collins, Jim (2001).  Good to Great, New York:  Harper Business, Harper Collins Publishers.

Combs, Allan & Holland, Mark (1996).  Synchronicity:  Science, Myth and Trickster, New York:  Marlowe and Company.

Commission on Children at Risk (2003). See Kovner Kline, Kathleen et al (2003).

Cosmos – The Science of Everything (2008). “Bonobos have violent streak, study says,” Australian science website’s recount of study published in U.S. journal Current Biology, October 15, 2008.

Courtiol, Alexandre; Raymond, M. and Furie, C., (2009.10.28). “Birth order affects behaviour in the investment game: firstborns are less trustful and reciprocate less”, Animal Behaviour, Volume 78, pp 1405-1411.

Covey, Stephen M.R. and Merrill, Rebecca R. (2006).  The Speed of Trust: The One Thing That Changes Everything, New York:  Free Press.

Crenna, Carol (2009). “Don’t Just Survive, Thrive: Interview with Survivorman Les Stroud,” Vista Magazine (Canada), Issue 63, March/April 2009, pp. 36-37.

Curtis, Adam and Lambert, Stephen (2007). “The Trap: What Happened to Our Dream of Freedom?” BBC 2, three part television documentary series, broadcast in UK March 11-25, 2007.  Summary available at:

Curtis, Adam (2002).  “The Century of Self”.  BBC Four, four part award winning television documentary series broadcast in the UK April 29-May 2, 2002 and circulated in the U.S. as a documentary film. Summary available at:

Custers, Ruud and Aarts, Henk (2010).  “The Unconscious Will: How the Pursuit of Goals Operates Outside of Conscious Awareness,” Science, 2007.07.02.  Also see: Harrell, Eben (2010) for more.



Dalai Lama Center for Peace and Education (2006), “Interview with Tony Phillips regarding Happiness and Stress as Determinants of Mental Health”, The Vancouver Dialogues, commemorative publication, Truffle Tree Publishing, Vancouver, Canada, September 8, 2006.

Dalai Lama (2003).  Destructive Emotions:  How We Can Overcome Them? A Scientific Dialogue with the Dalai Lama, narrated by Daniel Goleman.  New York:  Bantam Books.

Dapretto, M., Davies, MS, Pfeifer, J.H., Scott A.A., Sigman, M. Bookheimer, S.Y., Iacoboni, M. (2006).  “Understanding emotions in others:  Mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders” Natural Neurosciences, January, 2006, pp. 28-30.

Darwin, Charles (1872). The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Mineola, NY: Dover Publications 2007.

Darwin, Charles (1859). The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.  London:  Penguin Books, Penguin Classics 1985 edition.

Davidson, Richard (2007). “Brain Scans Show Meditation Changes Minds, Increases Attention”, as cited on University of Wisconsin website, June 25, 2007.

Davidson, R. (2004).  See: Lutz, Antoine et al. 2004.

Davidson, R. and Kabat-Zinn, J. et al (2003). “Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation”, in Psychosomatic Medicine 2003 July-Aug; 65(4): 564-70.

Davidson, Richard J., Putnam, Katherine M., and Larson, Christine L. (2000). “Dysfunction in the Neural Circuitry of Emotion Regulation – A Possible Prelude to Violence”, Science 28 July 2000, 289: 591-594

Dawkins, Richard (2007). “A Tale of Two Richards”, The Enright Files, CBC Radio, The Sunday Edition, June.  Contrasting interviews of Richard Dawkins, author of The God Delusion, and Father Richard John Neuhaus author of Catholic Matters.

Dawkins, Richard (1976). The Selfish Gene, Oxford University Press. (Second Edition 1990).

de Adder, Michael (2010). “I have uncertainty about Harper’s respect for parliament”, political cartoon, The Hill Times, Ottawa, Canada, 2010.10.11, page 8.

DeNoon, Daniel J. (2005) “Early Retirement, Early Death? 55-Year-Old Retirees Die Sooner Than 65-Year-Old Retirees”, WebMD Health News, Oct. 20, 2005

Denton, Derek. (1998).  L’émergence de la conscience: de l’animal à l’homme, éditions Flammarion, Collection Champs.  Translation of:  The Pinnacle of Life:  Consciousness and Self-Awareness in Humans and Animals (1994). Harper Collins.

Department of Defense (2009).  DoD Releases Fiscal 2010 Budget Proposal, US Dept. of Defense, 2009.05.07.

DFHCSIA [Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs] (2009). “Marriage Breakdown in Australia”, Social Policy Research Paper No. 35, Australian Government.

Department of Homeland Security (2008). “Fact Sheet: U.S. Department of Homeland Security Announces 6.8 Percent Increase in Fiscal Year 2009 Budget Request”, Government of the United States of America, news release, 2008.02.04.

DeRubeis, Robert J., Gelfand, L.A., Tang, T.Z., Simons, A.D. (1999.07.01). “Medications Versus Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Severely Depressed Outpatients: Mega-Analysis of Four Randomized Comparisons”, The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 156, No. 7, pp 1007-1013.

De Waal, Frans B. M. (1995). “Bonobo Sex and Society, Scientific American”, Scientific American, March, pp. 82-88

DiCara LV and Miller NE (1968). “Changes in heart rate instrumentally learned by curarized rats as avoidance responses”. J. of Comparative & Physiological Psychology.1968 Feb;65(1):8-12.

DiCara, L.V. and Miller, N.E. (1968.03.29). “Instrumental learning of vasomotor responses by rats: learning to respond differentially in the two ears”, Science, Volume 159, No. 822, pp 1485-1486.

DiCara, L.V. and Miller, N.E. (1968). “Instrumental learning of systolic blood pressure responses by curarized rats: dissociation of cardiac and vascular changes.” Psychosomatic Medicine. 1968 Sep-Oct; 30 (5):489-94.

DiCara, L.V. and Miller, N.E. (1969). “Transfer of instrumentally learned heart-rate changes from curarized to non-curarized state: implications for a mediational hypothesis”, Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology. 1969 Jun; 68 (2):159-62.

Dickens, Charles (1843).  A Christmas Carol: A Ghost Story of Christmas, London:  Chapman & Hall, 186, Strand, Project Gutenberg,

Dirks, Kurt. T., Lewicki, Roy J. and Zaheer, Akbar (2009). “Repairing Relationships Within and Between Organizations:  Building a Conceptual Foundation”, “Managing Intractable Identity Conflicts”, The Academy of Management Review, Hillman, Amy (Ed), Volume 34, Number 1 pp. 68 – 84.

Divorce Magazine (2002). “Percentage of New Marriages which End in Divorce, in Selected Countries”, Divorce

Doblmeier, Martin (2003). Bonhoeffer, Alexandria, Virginia: Journey Films. Broadcast nationally throughout the United States on PBS 2006.02.06.

Dobson, Roger (2009). “Creative minds:  The links between mental illness and creativity”, The Independent, U.K., May 5, 2009.

Dog Whisperer, The (2009). “Rufus and Buddy”, The National Geographic Channel, MPH Entertainment.  Broadcast:  2009.10.29 14:00hrs PDT. . Abstract:  The Dog Whisperer follows Cesar Millan, renowned dog behaviour expert as visits dog owners’ homes to resolve difficult behaviour problems.  In this episode, new home owners find an abused pit bull they named Buddy who lunges and bites when meeting new people and who must be mussel. Then a young aggressive Rottweiler named Rufus, faces being put down at a dog pound because he is deemed unsuitable for adoption.

Doidge, Norman (2007). The Brain that Changes Itself.  Penguin Paperbacks. Also see: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 2008.12.30 and Canadian Broadcasting Corporation 2010.09.30.

Donald, Merlin and Mithen, Steven (1998).  “The Prehistory of the Mind: An Exchange”, The New York Review of Books, Vol. 45, No. 9, May 28, 1998.

Dorus, Steve and Vallender, Eric J. et al. (2004). “Accelerated Evolution of Nervous System Genes in the Origin of Homo sapiens”, Cell, Volume 119 (7), December 29, 2004, pages 1027-1040.

Doyle, Simon (2007). “Political Brain: What makes the political brain tick and how Tories are targeting it.”  The Hill Times, Canada, Monday, June 18, 2007, pages 1 and 27.

Drouet, Jean-Baptiste (2008).  Les maltraitances invisibles, nouvelles violences morales, Éditions Le Cherche Midi, France, février 2008.   French independent journalist-author interviewed in French from Paris by Christiane Charette on Radio Canada - La Première Chaîne, 2008.05.07 11:08hrs. Duration:  22 mins. 22 seconds.

Dunlop, Alex (2008).  “Escape from Auschwitz”, Fire Fly Productions, broadcast on PBS on its Secrets of the Dead series, (KCTS) April 30, 2008.

Durkheim, Émile (1893).  The Division of Labour in Society, ed. W.D. Halls, University of California Free Press, 1984 edition.

Dyson, Michael Eric (2008). “Dr. King and the American Dream”, Alternative Radio recorded lecture originally delivered on October 1, 2008 at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.  Broadcast on CFRO-FM 102.7 FM, Vancouver, British Columbia.



Eichler, Evan (2007).  Associate Professor in Genome Sciences at the University of Washington:  e-mail correspondence confirming human genetic equidistance from bonobos and chimps, May 24 13:27hrs. P.D.T.

Ekman, Paul (2010).  “Darwin, the Dalai Lama and the Nature of Compassion”, The Dalai Lama Center.  Public talk delivered at Simon Fraser University’s Segal School of Business, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 2010.03.11.  Paul Ekman presented a new theory of empathy, altruism, compassion and heroism, and the striking similarity between how both Charles Darwin and Buddhism define compassion and its origin in the mother-infant relationship.

Ekman, Paul (2007).  See Darwin (1872), essay contained therein in 2007 edition.

Ekman, Paul (2003).  See Foreman (2003).

Ekman, Paul (2002).  See Gladwell, Malcolm (2002).

Emes, R.D. et al (2008).  “Evolutionary expansion and anatomical specialization of synapse proteome complexity”, Nature Neuroscience, online edition June 8, 2008, as summarized by Medical News Today under the title “Origins of the Brain – Complex Synapses Drove Brain Evolution,” June 9, 2008, found at:

Engel, Beverly (2007). The Jekyll and Hyde Syndrome, Hoboken, New Jersey:  John Wiley & Sons.

Evans, Dylan & Zarate, Oscar (2000).  Introducing Evolutionary Psychology, Lanham, Maryland:  Totem Books.



Fainaru-Wada, Mark & Williams, Lance (2006).  Game of Shadows:  Barry Bonds, BALCO and the Steroids Scandal that Rocked Professional Sports, New York: Gotham Books.

Falk, Dan (2009).  “Living on Oxford Time”, Canadian Broadcast Corporation Radio One, Ideas.  Broadcast:  2009.07.17 21:00hrs. PDT.

Ferguson, Niall (2008).  The Ascent of Money, Chimerica Media Limited and WNET – Thirteen.  PBS television documentary broadcast 2009.01.13 on stations across the United States.

Ferguson, Niall (2004). “The Monarchy of George II”, Vanity Fair, September 2004, pp. 382-414.

Fields, R. Douglas (2009). The Other Brain, New York:  Simon & Schuster.

Fiol, C. Marlene, Pratt, Michael G. and O’Connor, Edward J. (2009).  “Managing Intractable Identity Conflicts”, The Academy of Management Review, Hillman, Amy (Ed), Volume 34, Number 1 pp 32-56.

Fisher, Helen (2009). Why Him? Why Her? New York:  Henry Holt and Company, Macmillan  (See: 2009 reference cited above to take personality test. Also see: Luscombe, Belinda 2009.)

Fisher, Helen (2008). “Lust, Romance, Attachment: The Drive to Love”, LeWeb’08, Paris, France, 2008.12.09-10.  Abstract: Address delivered before an annual French conference  by Helen Fisher, Visiting Research Professor in Biological Anthropology at Rutgers University, and author of Why We Love, The First Sex, and The Sex Contract.  The talk can be viewed at:

Flynn, John (2007). “Marriage Breakdown – Expensive and Divisive:  Report Shows Big Downside to Family Disintegration”, Zenit Daily Dispatch, Zenit International News Agency, Rome, Innovative Media, Inc. 2007.09.10.

Ford, Kenneth W. (2009.04). “John Wheeler’s work on particles, nuclei and weapons”, Physics, page 29.

Foreman, Judy (2003). “A Conversation with Paul Ekman: The 43 Facial Muscles that Revel”, The New York Times, August 5, 2003.

Fogassi, Leonardo et al (2005). “Parietal Lobe:  From Action Organization to Intention Understanding”, Science, April 29, 2005, Vol. 308, No. 5722, pp. 662-667. Abstract: Landmark discovery of mirror neurons in monkeys being studied at the University of Parma, Italy.

Fosatti, Philippe et al. (2003). “In Search of the Emotional Self:  An f-MRI Study Using Positive and Negative Emotional Words”, American Journal of Psychiatry, 160: pp. 1,938-1,945, Nov. 2003.;160/11/1938

Fosse, Bob (1979). All That Jazz, Columbia Pictures Corporation and Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, Writers: Robert Alan Aurthur and Bob Fosse.

Fox News (2001). “Arafat Horrified by Attacks, but Thousands of Palestinians Celebrate; Rest of World Outraged”, Fox News, U.S. & World news website, September 12, 2001.,2933,34187,00.html

Fusar-Poli, Paolo et al (2009). “Functional atlas of emotional faces processing:  a voxel-based meta-analysis of 105 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies”, Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Canadian Medical Association, Ottawa, Volume 34, Number 6, 2009.11.  pp 418-432.  (Official journal of the Canadian College of Neuropsychopharmacology.)



Galderisi, S. et al. (2008).  “Alexithymia and Cognitive Dysfunctions in Patients with Panic Disorder”, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, March 2008; 77: pp. 182-88, as reviewed on the Medical News Today website: posted on June 7, 2008.  Abstract.:  The difficulty to identify and manage emotional experience may increase vulnerability to panic attacks (PD).  Inability to express emotions (alexithymia) in panic disorder may reflect dysfunction of fronto-temporo-limbic circuits in the brain.

Gardner, Howard (2006). Changing Minds: The Art & Science of Changing Our Own and Other People’s Minds, Boston:  Harvard Business School Press.

Gardner, Howard (2006). Five Minds for the Future, Boston:  Harvard Business School Press.

Gardner, Howard (1993). Frames of Mind:  The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, New York:  Basic Books.

Garrett, B.L. & Silver, M.P. (1972). “The Use of EMG and Alpha Biofeedback to Relieve Test Anxiety in College Students”.  Presented at the 1972 annual meeting of the American Psychological Association in Washington, D.C. and which also appears as a Chapter in I. Wickramasekera (Ed.), Biofeedback, Behavior Therapy, and Hypnosis. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1976.

Ghomeshi, Jian (2009). Q, CBC Radio One, feature interview with English comedian John Cleese. Broadcast: 2009.07.16 22:00 hrs. PDT.

Gibbons, Ann (2008). “How We Lost Our Diversity”, Science Now Daily News, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2009.10.08.

Gibney, Alex (2010). Casino Jack and the United States of Money, Jigsaw Productions and Participant Media. Abstract:  An investigative documentary about the practices of Washington, DC super-lobbyist Jack Abramoff, Ralph Reed, and his relationship with former Congressmen Tom DeLay, Bob Ney and others, and the greed and corruption they exemplified.

Gibson, Mel (2008), Carrier, Icon Productions.  Made for television documentary about life aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier U.S.S. Nimitz broadcast on PBS April 29, 2008.

Gilman, Alfred G. and Rodbell, Martin (1994). The Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute, Press Release, 10 October, 1994,

Giuliani, Nicole R., Drabant, Emily M., Gross, James (2010). “Is bigger better? The relation between anterior cingulate cortex volume and emotional reactivity and regulation”, Stanford University Psychophysiology Laboratory.  Research presentation by lead author to the Neuroplasticity of Emotion:  Psychopathology & Treatment Symposium at the University of Wisconsin, 2010.04.21-22.

Gladwell, Malcolm (2008). Outliers, New York: Little Brown and Company (Hachette).

Gladwell, Malcolm (2007). Blink, New York: First Back Bay trade paperback edition.

Gladwell, Malcolm (2002). The Tipping Point: How Small Things Can Make A Big Difference, New York: First Back Bay Books.

Gladwell, M. (2002), “The Naked Face”, The New Yorker, Annals of Psychology, Aug 5, 2002

Goleman, Daniel (2008).  An Evening with Daniel Goleman, Public lecture delivered at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, on the subject of social and emotional intelligence, April 4, 2008.

Goleman, Daniel (2007). Social Intelligence: The New Science of Human Relationships, New York:  Bantam (re-print edition).

Goleman, Daniel (2003).  Destructive Emotions:  How Can We Overcome Them? A Scientific Dialogue with the Dalai Lama, narrated by Daniel Goleman, New York:  Bantam Books.

Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional Intelligence: Why it can matter more than I.Q.  New York:  Bantam Books.

Goodall, Jane (1988). In the Shadow of Man, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London.

Goodall, Jane. (1990). Through a Window: My Thirty Years with the Chimpanzees of Gombe.  Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Goodman, Morris (1999). “The genomic record of humankind's evolutionary roots”. American Journal of Human Genetics. 64, 31–39

Gould, Stephen Jay (1997). “Darwinian Fundamentalism”, The New York Review of Books, Vol. 44, No. 10, June 12, 1997.

Gourine, Alexander V., Wood, Jackie D. and Geoffrey Burnstock (2009). “Purinergic signalling in autonomic control”, Trends in Neurosciences, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 241-248, 09 April 2009. (09)00058-7

Grafton, S.T., Arbib, M.A., Fadiga, L., Rizzolatti, G. (1996). “Localization of grasp representations in humans by positron emission tomography”, Experimental Brain Research, Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, Vol. 112, No. 1, November 1996.  On-line ISSN 1432-1106.

Gray, Richard (2010). “Missing link between man and apes found”, The Daily Telegraph, 2010.04.03.

Greenwald, Robert (2005). Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price, Brave New Films, U.S. film documentary, duration: 98 minutes.  Also see:  5.8 million items sold at Walmart and made in China were pulled off the shelf between 2000 and 2005.  Toys tainted with lead, dangerous baby products, contaminated snacks and pet food.

Grewal, Daisy (2012.04.10). “How Wealth Reduces Compassion: As riches grow, empathy for others seems to decline”, Scientific American.

Gregory, Richard L. (Ed.) (1989). The Oxford Companion to the Mind, New York:  Oxford University Press (USA).

Griffin, Tom (2005). “Making Waves”, University of Washington Alumni Magazine, editorial by the publication’s editor March 2005.  Abstract:  Overview of the controversial cell phone research work conducted by Henry Lai and Narendra P. Singh originally published in 1995 showing a link between cell phone use and damage to the DNA of brain cells.

Grubin, David (2010). The Buddha, David Grubin Productions, broadcast by PBS across the United States on 2010.04.07.



Haidt, Jonathan (2006). The Happiness Hypothesis:  Finding Modern Truth in Ancient Wisdom, New York:  Basic Books.

Hagen J.B., Allchin D. and Singer F. (1996). Doing Biology, Harper Collins: Glenview, Illinois, USA. See: Chapter 9 by Joel B. Hagen, “Walter Cannon and Self-Regulation in Animals.”

Hall, Harriet M.D. (2007). “A Skeptical View of SPECT Scans and Dr. Daniel Amen”, Quackwatch, November 15, 2007.  (SPECT = Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography)

Hameroff, Stuart (1997). Interview on “Consciousness, Microtubules and the Quantum World”, See:  Horgan, Bonnie (1997).

Haney, Craig; Banks Curtis and Zimbardo, Philip (1973). “Interpersonal Dynamics in a Simulated Prison”, International Journal of Criminology and Penology, pp. 69-97.

Haney, Craig and Zimbardo, Philip (1998). “The Past and Future of U.S. Prison Policy:  Twenty-Five Years After the Stanford Prison Experiment”, American Psychologist, American Psychological Association Magazine, Vol. 53, No. 7, pp. 709-727.

Hansma, Helen (2010). See: University of California at Santa Barbara (2010) and National Science Foundation (2007).

Haramein, N., Hyson, M. ., Rauscher, E. A. (2006). “Scale Unification: A Universal Scaling Law for Organized Matter”, in Amoroso, R.L., Diens, I., & Varga, C. (eds.) (2006).  Unified Theories:  Proceedings of the 1st Metatheory Conference, Budapest, Hungary; 15-18 November, 2006.  Oakland, California:  The Noetic Press, ISBN 9780967868776.

Harnden, Toby (2010). “Comment:  Tell-all book exposes dark side of disgraced politician”, The Sunday Telegraph, 2010.01.30.

Harrell, Eben (2010).  “Think You’re Operating on Free Will?  Think Again.”  Time Magazine, 2010.07.02.,8599,2000994,00.html  Abstract:  The article reviews the work of Ruud Custers and Henk Aarts of Utrecht University published in Science Magazine, 2010.07 and illustrates how the unconscious will – a concept that has often been derided in mainstream psychology as being of question value or effect – can greatly affect the choices humans make, as Sigmund Freud and others from the psycho-analytic tradition have long attested.  Students who were exposed to a series words associated with pleasant feelings in a rapid subliminal fashion, they would work harder and longer and reported greater motivation to complete mental puzzles than the students in the control group who experienced no such intervention.  As the article states:  “…we are often not even consciously aware of why we want what we want.”   In cognitive psychology the subliminal implanting technique is known as priming.  If nothing else, while it demonstrates that the mind can become a slave to unseen programming forces, it also holds out the potential to be “liberated” from the grip of conditioning in similar fashion.

Harrell, Eben (2008). “Are Romantic Movies Bad For You?” Time, 2008.12.23.,8599,1868389,00.html

Harrill, R. (2005). “Wake-up call”, The University of Washington Alumni Magazine, cover story, March 2005.

Harris, M. (2009). “Teens love to be miserable: Study”, Vancouver Sun / Canwest News Service, 2009.11.20.  Abstract: Study by Max Planck Institute for Human Development lead research author Michaela Riediger published in Psychological Science. She investigated age-related differences in everyday emotional well-being. Pre-18-year-olds tend to be negative, post-18-year-olds tend to be more positive.  N = 378 participants aged 14 to 86.  Used mobile phones for three weeks sampled throughout day looking at six emotional states:  joy, contentment, interested, angry, nervous or downhearted.  In 25% of sample situations, people aged 14-18 reported contra-hedonistic states of mind as compared to only 10% of sample situations for those 60 years-of-age and older.

Hassinger, T.D.; Guthrie, P.B.; Atkinson, P.B.; Bennett, M.V. and Kater, Stan B. (1996), “An extracellular signaling component in propagation of astrocytic calcium waves”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U S A. 1996 Nov 12; 93(23): pp 13,268-13,273.

Haushofer, Johannes; Biletzki, Anat and Kanwisher, Nancy (2010). “Both sides retaliate in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010, 107 (42) pages 17927-17932, e-published ahead of print 2010.10.04.

Heinrichs, M. and Domes, G. (2008).  “Neuropeptides and social behaviour: Effects of oxytocin and vasopressin in humans, Progress in Brain Research, Volume 170, pp. 337-350.

Heilbronner, S.R. et al. (2008).  “A fruit in the hand or two in the bush?  Divergent risk preferences in chimpanzees and bonobos”, Royal Society Publishing – Biology Letters, March 25, 2008.  DOI 10.1098/rsbl.2008.0081.

Hersher, Rebecca (2010). “Perfect Landing: Study finds barefoot runners have less foot stress than shod ones”, Harvard Gazette, 2010.01.27

Hirschbiegel, Oliver (2001).  “Das Experiment”, Chrystal Films and Senator Films, Germany.  Film based on the novel by Mario Giordano, inspired by the 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment.

Hoar, W.S. and Randall, D.J. (1966) Eds., Fish Physiology, Volume 1, Excretion, Ionic Regulation and Metabolism, New York:  Academic Press, Inc.  Chapter 1:  Holmes, W.N. and Donaldson, Edward M., The Body Compartments and the Distribution of Electrolytes. 

Hodgkin, A., and Huxley, A. (1952): “A quantitative description of membrane current and its application to conduction and excitation in nerve”. J. Physiol. 117:500–544.

Holden, Constance (2009).  “Sad News for Depression Gene,” ScienceNOW Daily News, 2009.06.16.

Horgan, Bonnie (1997).  “Consciousness, Microtubules and the Quantum World”, Alternative Therapies, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 70-79.  Interview of Stuart Hameroff, MD.

Horney, Karen (1937). The Neurotic Personality of our Time, New York:  W. W. Norton & Company.

Horgan, Bonnie (1997). “Consciousness, Microtubules and the Quantum World”, Alternative Therapies, 1997. 3 (3) pages 70-79.  Interview with Stuart Hameroff, MD.  As reprinted on the website: Quantum Consciousness: The New Frontier in Brain/Mind Science.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute (2004).“Human Brain Evolution was a ‘Special Event’”, University of Chicago, news release: December 29, 2004.

Hrobjartsson, A. and Gotzsche, P. C. (2004). “Is the placebo powerless? Update of a systematic review with 52 new randomized trials comparing placebo with no treatment.” In the Journal of Internal Medicine.  Volume 256 (2), pages 91-100.

Hrobjartsson, A. and Gotzsche, P. C. (2001.07.26). “Is the placebo powerless? An analysis of clinical trials comparing placebo with no treatment”, The New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 345, No. 4, page 304.

Hughes, Brent and Beer, Jennifer S. (2010). “Not so fast: Social accountability reduces evaluative bias by increasing cognitive control”, University of Texas at Austin. Research presentation by lead author to the Neuroplasticity of Emotion: Psychopathology & Treatment Symposium at the University of Wisconsin, 2010.04.21-22,

Hughes, J.R. 2008, “Gamma, fast, and ultrafast waves of the brain: Their relationships with epilepsy and behavior”, Epilepsy Behaviour, July, Volume 13, Number 1, pp 25-31.

Hull, Clark (1943, 1952). Drive Reduction Theory:  For two excellent summaries see the http references cited herein under: (2003), and (2009).

Hunt, Valerie (1996). Infinite Mind: Science of the Human Vibrations of Consciousness, Malibu Publishing. Second Edition.

Huntley, John Warren and Kowalewski, Michal (2007). “Strong coupling of predation intensity and diversity in the Phanerozoic fossil record”.  In Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, September 18, 2007, 104: 15006-15010.



Iacoboni, Marco et al. (2005). “Grasping the intentions of others with one’s own mirror neuron system”, PLoS Biology (Public Library of Science), University of California at Davis, March 2005, 3 (3): e79.  Epub, February 22, 2005

Iacoboni, Marco et al. (1999). “Cortical Mechanisms of Human Imitation”.  Science, Vol. 286, No. 5,449; Dec. 1999; pages 2,526–2,528.

Immen, Wallace (2009).  “Losing your job, losing your identity”, The Globe and Mail, page C-1, April 22, 2009.

Inada, Kenneth (1990). “A Buddhist Response to the Nature of Human Rights”, in Asian Perspectives on Human Rights, editors Claude E. Welch, Jr. and Virginia A. Leary, Boulder, Colorado:  Westview Press, pp. 91-103.

Ireland, Corydon (2008).  “Eating meat led to smaller stomachs, bigger brains: Scholar revisits her theory explaining evolution of early primates into humans”, Harvard News Office, 2008.04.03.

Isaacowitz, D. M. et al (2006.03). “Selective preference in visual fixation away from negative images in old age? An eye-tracking study.” Psychology and Aging, Volume 21, No. 1, pp. 40-48.



Jackson, Nick (2007). “Against the Grain: ‘We’ll be able to upload our brains to a computer’”, The Independent, 22 November, 2007

Jacobovici, Simcha (2009). The Science of the Soul, Vision TV, Canada. Broadcast: 2009.11.23 at 18:00hrs. and 21:00hrs. PST.  Abstract:  Documentary film première that profiles scientists working at the very frontiers of human consciousness.

Jamail, Dahr (2007). Beyond the Green Zone: Dispatches from an Unembedded Journalist in Occupied Iraq, Haymarket Books; and Iraq:  Beyond the Green Zone, recorded verbal presentation delivered at Regis University, Denver, Colorado, November 1, 2007.  Broadcast by AR (Alternative Radio), broadcast on CFRO Radio 102.7 FM, Vancouver, British Columbia on April 23, 2008.

Jarvis, Erich (2008). “Evolution of Brain Structure for Vocal Learning”, Jarvis, Duke University, Dept. of Neurobiology, Durham, North Carolina.

Jenny, Hans (2001). Cymatics: A Study of Wave Phenomena & Vibration, Third edition. Macromedia Press.

Jerome, Fred (2009), Einstein on Israel and Zionism: His Provocative Ideas About the Middle East, New York: St. Martin's Press.

Jha, Alok (2007). “Brain type may dictate politics”, The Guardian, 2007.09.10.

Johnston, Casey (2010). “Photosynthesis uses quantum interactions to harvest light”, ARS Technica, Condé Nast Digital, 2010.02.08. Abstract:  Citing work published by Elisabetta Collini et al entitled: “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature” and published in Nature 463, pages 644-647.

Juutilainen, J. et al (1987). “Relationship between Field Strength and Abnormal Development in Chick Embryos Exposed to 50 Hz Magnetic Fields”, International Journal of Radiation Biology, Volume 52, Number 5, pp 787-793.



Kadane, Lisa (2010). “Parents, stop micro-managing your kids”, The Calgary Herald, 2010.02.02.

Kalant, Harold; Kalow, Werner; Pinker, Steven (1997). “Evolutionary Psychology: An Exchange”, New York Review of Books, Vol. 44, No. 5, Oct. 9, 1997 (In response to Stephen Jay Gould’s essay entitled: Darwinian Fundamentalism).

Kane, Alex (2010). “Israel (inadvertently) admits it broke law in raiding flotilla”, Mondoweiss: The War of Ideas in the Middle East, 2010.07.13.

Kaplan, Stephen (1999). “Making Room for Insight and Incrementalism in the Same Brain”, Psycoloquy: 10 (76) Book Review of Orbach on Lashley [and] Hebb (8).  Abstract:  Commentary on stimulus generalization and perceptual generalization mechanisms in the brain’s processing of information.

Kapogiannis, D. et al (2009). “Neuroanatomical Variability of Religiosity”, PLOS One (Public Library of Science One), Vol. 4, No. 9, September 28, 2009.

Kapogiannis, D. et al (2009). “Cognitive and neural foundations of religious belief”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, No. 10, March 9, 2009.

Kater, Stan B. (1996). Re. calcium signalling in astrocyte glial cells, see: Hassinger, T.D. et al 1996.

Keim, Brandon (2010). “Everywhere in a Flash: The Quantum Physics of Photosynthesis”, Wired Magazine, 2010.02.03. Abstract: News report relating to the research performed by a research team led by Greg Scholes, entitled: “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature” and published in Nature 463, pages 644-647 dealing with how quantum processes underlie photosynthesis.

Keim, Brandon (2009). “Wires Inserted Into Human Brain Reveal Speech Surprise”, Wired Science, 2009.10.15. Abstract:  Summary of study by cognitive scientist Ned Sahin from the University of California at San Diego published in Science, 2009.10.15.

Keim, Brandon (2009). “Religious Experience Linked to Brain’s Social Regions”, Wired Science, 2009.10.02. (Abstract:  Brain scans of people who believe in God have found further evidence that religion involves neurological regions vital for social intelligence.  Original research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, March 2009.  Also published under Kapogiannis, D. et al (2009) Neuroanatomical Variability of Religiosity, PLOS One (Public Library of Science One) Vol. 4, No. 9, September 28, 2009.)

Keim, Brandon (2009). “Religion:  Biological Accident, Adaptation or Both?” Wired Science, 2009.03.09. (Abstract:  Religious thoughts run on brain systems used to figure out what other people are thinking and feeling. Based on Kapogiannis, D. et al (2009.03).

Keim, Brandon (2009).  “Cooperation Beats Selfishness, at Least in Theory”, Wired Science, 2009.02.23.  (Abstract: Summary of “The outbreak of cooperation among success-driven individuals under noisy conditions.” Helbing, D. and Yu, Wenjian, appearing in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, No. 8, Feb. 23, 2009.  Cooperative behaviors provide the highest reward potential as compared to selfishness.)

Khalsa, D.S. (1997). Brain Longevity. New York: Warner Books.

Koechlin, E. and Charron, S. (2010). See: Telis, G. (2010) below for their work comparing women and men in multitasking in the brain published in Science Magazine on 2010.04.16. Abstract:  Each hemisphere can take on one task. When a third is added, the ability to recall many details about the previous tasks are lost, in fact error rates triple.

Korski, Tom (2010). “Does Prime Minister Harper’s office run a media blacklist?” The Hill Times, Ottawa, Canada, 2010.10.11.  Page 12.

Kovner Kline, Kathleen et al (2003). “Hardwired to Connect: The New Scientific Case for Authoritative Communities”, Commission on Children at Risk.  Research jointly funded by YMCA USA, Dartmouth Medical School and the Institute of American Values.  Report released 2003.09.10.  (Abstract:  The Commission is an interdisciplinary panel comprised of accredited academics from 26 US universities and 7 private social agencies.  In a distillation of 18 commissioned papers, they proposed a bio-psycho-social-cultural model of child development intended to help policy makers, youth professionals and others address the rising rates of emotional distress and mental problems faced by American children and adolescents.)

Kruse, M.J., Nursing the Neurological and Neurotrauma Patient, Rowman & Littlefield, 1986.



Lahn, Bruce et al (2007). “Human Brain Evolution was a Special Event”, University of Chicago, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and the Departments of Human Genetics and Anthropology, News Release. Dec. 29, 2004 –

Laird, Gordon (2009).  See Malloy, Kate 2009 re. interview source.

Lai. H. and Singh, N.P. (2005). See Harrill, R. (2005).

Lai. H. and Singh, N.P. (2004). “Magnetic-field-induced DNA strand breaks in brain cells of the rat”, Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 112, Number 6, May 2004.

Lai, H. and Singh, N.P. (1996). “Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation”, International Journal of Radiation Biology. 1996: 69(4); 513-521.

Lai, H. and Singh, N.P. (1995). “Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single-strand breaks in rat brain cells”, Bioelectromagnetics. 1995; 16(3): 207-10.

Lawrence, T.E. (1920). “The Evolution of a Revolt”, Army Quarterly and Defence Journal, UK, October 1920, as posted on the website for the United States Army’s Command and General Staff College, Combined Arms Research Library.

Lanza, Robert and Berman, Robert (2009). “The Biocentric Universe Theory: Life Creates Time, Space, and the Cosmos Itself”, Discover Magazine, May 2009.

Lazar, S.W. et al (2005). “Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness”, NeuroReport. 2005 Nov 28; 16 (17):1893-1897. Also see: Yale University report “Meditation Associated with Increased Grey Matter in the Brain”, 2005.11.11 and the Science Daily at

Lehrer, Jonah (2008). “The Mirror Neuron Revolution:  Explaining What Makes Humans Social”, Scientific American, July 1, 2008. (Abstract:  Interview with neuroscientist Marco Iacoboni on mirror neurons, autism and damaging effects caused by watching violent films.)

Lemasson, Alban (2009).  See:  Weaver, Janelle (2009).

Liebenberg, Louis (2006). “Persistence Hunting by Modern Hunter-Gatherers”, Current Anthropology, Volume 47, Number 6, 2006.12.

Lieberman Daniel et al. (2010). “Foot strike patterns and collision forces in habitually barefoot versus shod runners”, Nature Magazine, Volume 463, pp 531-535, 2010.01.28.

Lieberman, Daniel (2010).  See: Hersher, Rebecca (2010.01.27), Harvard News Office.

Lieberman, Daniel (2009).  See: Powell, Alvin (2009) Harvard News Office.

Lieberman, Daniel E. and Bramble, Dennis M. (2007). “The Evolution of Marathon Running Capabilities in Humans”, Sports Medicine, Volume 37, Numbers 4-5, pp 288-290 Conference paper.

Limb, Charles J. and Braun, Allen R. (2008).  “Neural Substrates of Spontaneous Musical Performance: An f-MRI Study of Jazz Improvisation, Public Library of Science (PloS) One, 3 (2): e1679.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001679.  Feb. 27, 2008.

Liogier, Raphaël (2010.10.16). “Buddhism and the Hypothesis of Individuo-globalism”, keynote presentation to the Buddhism in Canada: Global Causes, Local Conditions Conference, convened at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.  2010.10.15-17.

Livio, Mario (2002). The Golden Ratio: The Story of Phi – The World's Most Astonishing Number. New York: Broadway Books.

Llinás, Rodolfo R. (2001).  I of the Vortex:  From Neurons to Self, MIT Press.

Long, John (2012.04.04). “Darwin’s Devices: ‘Evolving robots’ teach us about extinct animals – and may end up an important battlefield technology.”

Lorenz, Konrad (1974), Civilized Man’s Eight Deadly Sins, Harcourt, pages 45-47.

Lovgren, Stefan (2005). “Chimps, Humans 96 Percent the Same, Gene Study Finds”, National Geographic News, August 31, 2005. (Referring to an original study published in Nature on September 1, 2005.)

Lurie, Rod (2008). Nothing But the Truth, E 1 Entertainment.

Luscombe, Belinda (2009). “The Biology of Dating: Why Him, Why Her?”  Time, 2009.01.31,8599,1876113,00.html

Lutz, Antoine; Greischar, Lawrence L; Rawlings, Nancy B., Richard, Matthieu; and Davidson, Richard J. (2004.08.26).  “Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice, PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences), print publication date:  November 16, 2004, Volume 101, No. 46, pp 16369-16373.



Mackintosh, Sheela (2009).“The gasping need for marriage information services”, Conservative Home / Platform, UK, Conservative Party of Great Britain.  July 2009.

MacLean, Paul (1985). “Brain Evolution Relating to Family, Play, and the Separation Call”, Archives of General Psychiatry, Volume 42, pp. 405-417.

Maestripieri, Dario (2005.07.05). “Early experience affects the intergenerational transmission of infant abuse in rhesus monkeys”, PNAS, Vol. 102, No. 27, pp 9726-9729. (See also Saltzman. W.)

Magnussen, L., Amundson, M.J., Smith, N. (2008). “Through the eyes of women: Cultural insights into living as a battered woman in Hawaii”, Nursing and Health Sciences, June 2008, 10 (2), pp. 125-130.

Malloy, Kate (2009). “Cheap stuff a destabilizing force in the world”, Hill Times, Ottawa, 2009.11.16 pages 56-57.  (Abstract:  Interview of Gordon Laird, author of The Price of A Bargain: The Quest for Cheap and the Death of Globalization, Toronto:  McClelland and Stewart, 2009.)

Mann, Adam (2010). “Saturn’s Strange Hexagon Recreated in the Lab”, ScienceNow, Science Magazine’s digital news service, 2010.04.08.

Marcia, James E. (1966). “Development and validation of ego identity status”, Journal of Personality, and Social Psychology, Number 3, pages 551-558, State University of New York at Buffalo, N.Y., as re-circulated in 1984 by “Current Contents”, Number 48, November 26, 1984.

Markovà, Eva; Malmgren, L.O. and Belyaev, Igor, Y. (2010). “Microwaves from Mobile Phones Inhibit 53BP1 Focus Formation in Human Stem Cells More Strongly Than in Differentiated Cells:  Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk”, Environmental Health Perspectives, 118.

Marcus, Gary (2008).  Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind, New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Maslow, Abraham (1954). Toward a Psychology of Being, Third Edition, Wiley 2000. and

Mattmiller, Brian (2000), “Brain study sheds light on impulsive violence”, University of Wisconsin, news release, July 27, 2000.  Outline of Richard Davidson (et al) study entitled:  “Dysfunction in the Neural Circuitry of Emotion Regulation – A Possible Prelude to Violence” published in Science, July 28, 2000.

May, Kathryn (2004).  “Stressed workers cost health system $6B a year”, Ottawa Citizen, September 11, 2004.  (Based on the findings of 2001 National Work-Life Conflict Study.)

Mayo Clinic staff (2009). “Forgiveness: Letting go of grudges and bitterness”, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research,, Rochester, Minnesota, 2009.11.21.

Mau, Bruce (2006). “Imagining the Future”, The Walrus, Volume 3, Issue 10

McCann, John, Dietrich F., Rafferty C. (1998).  “The genotoxic potential of electric and magnetic fields:  An update”, Mutation Research, August: 411 (1). Abstract:  Pub Med

McGregor, Douglas (1960). The Human Side of Enterprise, McGraw-Hill, Annotated Edition.

McGowan, P.O. et al (2009). “Epigenetic regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor in human brain associates with childhood abuse”, Nature Neuroscience.  Published online: 22 February, 2009.

McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs (2006).  See:  Spears, Richard.

McKay, James (1996). William Wallace:  Brave Heart, Mainstream Publishing.  Abstract:  According to James MacKay's book, Wallace was first hanged to cause an erection to facilitate the cutting off of his penis.

McSwain, Steve (2010).  “Conversation with Stephen Prothero”, The Huffington Post, 2010.10.14.

McTaggart, L. (2001 UK) (2002 US). The Field: The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe.  New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Mealey, L. (1995). “The Sociobiology of Sociopathy: An Integrated Evolutionary Model” in Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18(3):523-599.

Medical News Today (2008). “Measuring the Emotional States of Animals”, Medical News Today, May 22, 2008.

Medical News Today (2008.05.14). “Music Used to Explore the Autistic Brain’s Emotion Processing,”

Medical News Today (2008). “To Move Forward Emotionally, Step Back,” September 23, 2008.

Medical News Today (2007). “Normal Emotional Processing Breaks Down in Clinical Depression, Brain Imaging Reveals”.  August 20, 2007.

Merriam-Webster Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999), Merriam-Webster, Inc.  Page 354.

Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority, New York: Harper & Row.

Milgram, S. (1965). “Liberating effects of group pressure”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology and Social Psychology, 1, pp. 127-134.

Milgram, S. (1965). “Some conditions of obedience and disobedience to authority”, Human Relations, 18, 57-76.

Milius, Susan (2010.02.13). “Sea slug steals genes for greens, makes chlorophyll like a plant”, Science News, Volume 177, No. 4.,_makes_chlorophyll_like_a_plant

Millan, Cesar (2009). “Rufus and Buddy” episode, The Dog Whisperer, National Geographic Channel, MPH Entertainment. Broadcast:  2009.10.29 14:00hrs PDT. . Abstract:  The Dog Whisperer follows Cesar Millan, renowned dog behaviour expert as visits dog owners’ homes to resolve difficult behaviour problems.  New home owners find an abused pit bull they named Buddy who lunges and bites when meeting new people and who must be mussel. Then a young aggressive Rottweiler named Rufus, faces being put down at a dog pound because he is deemed unsuitable for adoption.

Miller, Greg (2010.04.22). “Dreams Linked to Better Memories”, ScienceNow, Science Magazine’s on-line news service.  (See: Wamsley, Erin et al. 2010)

Miller, Greg (2010). “Holy Surgical Side Effect”, ScienceNow Daily News, 2010.02.10. Also see:  Urgesi, Cosimo et al. (2010).

Miller, Greg (2010). “The Ape That Never Grows Up”, ScienceNow Daily News, 2010.01.28.

Miller, Kevin and Ruloff, Walt (2008), “Expelled:  No Intelligence Allowed”, Nathan Frankowski, Director, Premise Media Corporation and Rampant Films, United States of America.

Miller, N.E., DiCara, L.(1967). “Instrumental learning of heart rate changes in curarized rats: shaping, and specificity to discriminative stimulus.” Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology. 1967 Feb; 63 (1):12-9.

Miller, N.E., DiCara L.V., Wolf G. (1968) “Homeostasis and reward: T-maze learning induced by manipulating antidiuretic hormone.” American Journal of Physiology. 1968 Sep; 215 (3):684-6.

Miller, N.E., DiCara, L.V., Solomon, H., Weiss, J.M., Dworkin, B. (1970). “Psychological aspects of hypertension – Learned modifications of autonomic functions: a review and some new data”, Circulation Research. 1970 Jul; 27 (1 Suppl 1):3-11.

Miller, Sandra A. (2010). “Love’s new frontier”, The Boston Globe, Globe Newspaper Company, Boston, January 3, 2010.  Abstract: An examination of polyamory. “It’s not monogamy, but it’s not cheating or polygamy either.”

Mims, Christopher (2007). “Strange but True: Testosterone Alone Does Not Cause Violence”, Scientific American, July 05, 2007.

Mitchell, Andy & Yost, Peter (2007). The Jellyfish Invasion, see: National Geographic 2007.

Mitka, M. (2001). “Aging patients are advised stay active to stay alert”, Journal of the American Medical Association, May 16; 285 (19): 2437-8.

Molnar-Szakacs, I., Kaplan, J., Greenfield, P.M., Iacoboni, M. (2006).  “Observing complex action sequences: The role of the fronto-parietal mirror neuron system”. Neuroimage. 2006 Nov 15; 33 (3): 923-35. Epub 2006 Sep 25.

Molnar-Szakacs, I. and Overy, K. (2006). “Music and Mirror Neurons:  From Motion to ‘E’ motion, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2006 1 (3): 235-241.

Monbiot, George (2008). “Big oil’s big lie”, The Guardian, UK, June 23, 2008.

Mone, Greg (2002). “Excessive TV-Watching During Adolescence May Lead to Violent Behavior in Adulthood”, Scientific American, May 29, 2002.  (Abstract: A look at a longitudinal study over 17 years with more than 700 children conducted by Jeffrey Johnson of Columbia University and colleagues.)

Montreal Gazette (2007). “Cockroaches beaten to death”, The Montreal Gazette, CanWest MediaWorks Publications Inc. March 28, 2007.

Moore, Michael (2007). “Sicko”, Dog Eat Dog Films, USA.

Moore, Robert & Gillette, Douglas (1990). King, Warrior, Magician, Lover: Rediscovering the Archetypes of the Mature Masculine, Harper San Francisco.

Mosher, Dave (2010.04.07). “Secret of Annoying Crowds Revealed,” ScienceNow, Science Magazine’s digital news service.

Mosher, Donna (2009.01). “The Power of the Present Moment”, Science of Mind Magazine, from reprint in Evolve, Volume 8, Number 2, Spring 2009, pp. 4-7.

Msonthi, Mabel. “Work rage!” – the website for women (link expired),,156474_175202,00.html

Mukamel, Roy, Ekstrom, Arne D., Kaplan, Jonas, Iacoboni, Marco, Fried, Itzhak, 2010. “Single-Neuron Responses in Humans during Execution and Observation of Actions”, Current Biology, 2010.04.08.

Münster, Cynthia (2009). “MPs push government to take action on PTSD in Canadian Forces”, Hill Times, Ottawa, Canada, 2009.09.20 pp. 1 and 22.

Murphy, Rex (2008). “Science by intimidation”, The Globe & Mail, Op-Ed., June 27, 2008. Critique of NASA climate scientist Dr. James Hansen for his inquisitional tribunal to judge corporately-funded climate change “deniers”.



Narby, Jeremy (2005), Intelligence in Nature: An Inquiry into Knowledge, Jeremy P. Tarcher / Penguin, New York.

National Geographic (2007). Jellyfish Invasion, National Geographic television documentary, directed by Peter Yost, produced and written by Andy Mitchell.

National Science Foundation (2007). “Did Life Develop in a Mica Sandwich at the Bottom of a Primordial Sea?” National Science Foundation, 2007.12.04.  As re-e-printed on the Windows2Universe website.  Also see: site video clip posting at:

Naumetz, Tim (2010). “Afghanistan veterans on disability now 6,000”, The Hill Times, page 1, 2010.02.08.

New Word Encyclopedia: Famine posting.

New York Magazine (2002). “How You Remember It:  Exclusive Sept 11 Survey”, New York Metro Magazine.

New York Magazine (2002). “9/11 by the Numbers:  Death, destruction, charity, salvation, war, money, real estate, spouses, babies, and other September 11 statistics”, New York Metro Magazine.

Newell, J. Philip (1997). Listening for the Heartbeat of God: A Celtic Spirituality, Paulist Press, New York.

Newton, Curt (2004).“Meditation and the Brain: New imaging technology makes it possible for scientists to document the brain activity of Buddhist monks”, Technology Review, February 2004.

Normile, Dennis (2009). “Genes Know How to Network”, Science Now Daily News, 2009.04.21.

Nova (2009).  “Becoming Human:  Last Human Standing”, Nova, PBS. Broadcast:  2009.11.17.

Nova (2008.10.28).  “Hunting the Hidden Dimension,” Nova, PBS, produced by WGBH Boston. Program on the fractal structures found in nature.  Broadcast on KCTS Seattle, October 28, 2008.

Nova / National Geographic Special (2008.02.19). Ape Genius, PBS.

Nova (2005).  “E = mc2:  Einstein’s Big Idea”, Nova, PBS, produced by WGBH Boston.  Producers:  Susan Simpson, Special Projects; Melanie Wallace, Senior Series Producer; Paula S. Apsell, Senior Series Producer; Managing Director: Alan Ritsko.  Broadcast on KCTS Seattle, October 11, 2005.

Nova Science Now (2008), “Killer Microbe”, PBS, produced by Emily Bernhard, broadcast 2008.07.09. (Abstract:  An examination of the drug resistant bacterium called “Baumanni” a.k.a. “Iraqibacter” and its use of horizontal gene transfer as opposed to vertical gene transfer. It obtained its resistance genes from the Legionnaire’s disease bacterium Legionella pneumophila.)

Nova Science Now (2007). “Scientist Profiles: Bonnie Bassler”, PBS, January 2007. (Abstract: Transcript and on-line video interview and profile of Princeton University molecular biologist Bonnie Bassler about her work on quorum sensing in bacteria.)

Nova Science Now (2005). “Bird Brain”, PBS, October 2005. (Abstract: Online sidebar regarding revision to anatomical nomenclature for brain structures found in birds to account for highly complex behaviors such as tool making found in crows.)

Nova Science Now (2005). “Scientist Profiles: Erich Jarvis”, PBS, October 18, 2005. (Abstract: Transcript and on-line video interview/profile of Duke University neurobiologist Erich Jarvis and his early life and how he managed to work through some of the difficulties and inertia in institutional science when updating the anatomical nomenclature for bird brains.)

Nova Science Now (2005.01.25). “Mirror Neurons”, PBS.



Olson, Geoff (2010). “Overtaxar – A contextual reframing and some meandering thoughts on Avatar and the Internet”, Common Ground, Vancouver, BC, 2010.02.

Omestad, Thomas (2003). “Nuclear Bombast: Is North Korean dictator Kim Jong Il ready to trade away his growing nuclear arsenal, or is he just playing for time?” U.S. News & World Report, 2003.12.21.

Ornstein, Robert (1991). The Evolution of Consciousness: The Origins of the Way We Think, New York:  Simon & Schuster.

Orwell, George (1945).  Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, Chapter X, from the Complete Works of George Orwell website.

Overy, Katie and Molnar-Szakacs, Istvan (2009). “Being Together in Time:  Musical Experience and the Mirror Neuron System,” Music Perception, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp. 489-504.



Packer, George (2008). “The Fall of Conservatism: Why Republican thinkers are worried”, The New Yorker, May 26, 2008.

Palva, S. and Palva, J.M. (2007.02.01). “New Vistas for frequency band oscillations”, Trends in Neuroscience.

Pappas, B.A., Dicara, L.V., Miller, N.E. (1970). “Learning of blood pressure responses in the noncurarized rat: transfer to the curarized state”, Physiology & Behavior. 1970 Sep; 5 (9):1029-32.

Pappas, B.A., DiCara, L.V., Miller, N.E. (1972). “Acute sympathectomy by 6-hydroxydopamine in the adult rat: effects on cardiovascular conditioning and fear retention.” Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology. 1972 May; 79 (2): pp. 230-236.

Park, Roffey (2003). “Bullying bosses cause work rage rise”, Management Issues, 2003.01.28.

Parker-Pope, Tara (2009). “The Human Body is Built for Distance”, The New York Times, 2009.10.26.

Patel, Raj (2008), University of California Berkeley, “Stuff and Starved”, Alternative Radio (AR) production.  Broadcast on Co-op Radio, Vancouver, British Columbia, November 26, 2008. Original talk delivered in Seattle in May 2008.  Based on work advanced by the Institute for Food & Development Policy (

Paulson, Steve (2006). “Buddha on the Brain”, Salon Magazine, 2006.11.27.

PBS (2010), “God in America:  Inside the tumultuous 400-year history of the intersection of religion and public life in America”, American Experience and Frontline, produced by WGBH.  Six-part documentary series first broadcast October 11 to 13, 2010, 21:00 hrs. to 23:00hrs. PDT on KCTS.  Chief editorial consultant:  Stephen Prothero.  On-line version available at:

PBS, “The Secret Life of the Brain”, Public Broadcasting System (US), on-line source:

PBS Newshour (2013.06.21). “Exploring the Psychology of Wealth, ‘Pernicious’ Effects of Economic Inequality”, PBS Newshour, Paul Solman reporting.

Peat, David (1987).  Synchronicity: The Bridge Between Matter and Mind, New York:  Bantam.

Peace Pledge Union. “Talking about Genocide – Genocides: Rwanda 1994”, Peace Pledge Union, London, UK.

Perkins, John (2004). Confessions of an Economic Hit Man, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc., San Francisco.

Perkowitz, Sidney (1995). “Stealth Science: The study of ordinary solid matter”, The Sciences, November/December 1995, pp 40-44.  (Review of Out of the Crystal Maze: Chapters from the History of Solid-State Physics, Edited by Lillian Hoddeson, Ernest Braun, Jürgen Teichmann and Spencer Weart, Oxford University Press, 1992.) (2007). “Humans hot, sweaty, natural-born runners”,, 2007.04.16. See: Powell, Alvin (2007) for original Harvard University news story on which this item was based.

Pierce, Andrew (2009). “Invisible Prince losing Canadians’ support: Poll”, The Ottawa Citizen, excerpted from the Daily Telegraph, dateline: London.  2008.10.28 pp. A-8 and A-9.  Abstract:  A survey conducted by the Friends of the Royal Family in Canada found that 52% of the Canadian population no longer believes there should be a monarch as head of state.  N = 1,400.

Pierce, Sidney K. et al (2009). “Chlorophyll a synthesis by an animal using transferred algal nuclear genes,” Symbiosis, Volume 49, Number 3, 2009.12. pp. 121-131.

Piff, Paul K. et al (2012.02.27) on-line edition. “Higher social class predicts increased unethical behavior”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, print edition 2012.03.13, Volume 109, No. 11, pp 4086-4091.

Pilkington, E. (2008). “Put oil firm chiefs on trial, says leading climate change scientist”, The Guardian, UK, Monday, June 23, 2008.  Abstract:  One of the world’s leading climate scientists calls for CEO’s of large fossil fuel companies to be put on trial for crimes against humanity and nature.

Pinker, Steven (2007). “Everything You Know is Wrong”, A Brief History of Violence, talk given March 2007 as posted on TED

Pirsig, Robert M. (1991). Lila: An Inquiry into Morals, New York: Bantam Books.

Plumer, Bradford (2008). “Wildcats in China” The New Republic, 2008.01.18. Also electronically posted under the title:  “How big a deal are strikes in China?” on the China Labour Bulletin website, 2008.01.18.

Pollard, Katherine S. (2009). “What Makes Us Human?” Scientific American, Vol. 300, No. 5, May 2009, pages 44-49.  (Abstract: Of the three billion base pairs that comprise human and chimp DNA, 15 million – less than 1% – have changed since the human and chimp lines diverged some 6 million years ago.  Focused discussion was given to a stretch of 118 base pairs known as the human accelerated region 1, which play a major role in the human brain.)

Pollick, Amy and de Waal, Frans (2007). “Ape Gestures Offer Clues to Evolution of Human Communication”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 104, No. 19, May 8, 2007.

Pollick, Amy (2007). “Aping Conversation”, Quirks & Quarks, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation – Radio (science show), interview of co-author of “Ape Gestures Offer Clues to Evolution of Human Communication” (see above), broadcast May 12, 2007.  On-line link:  See also: Yerkes Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, News Release:

Popp, Jürgen and von Bally, Gert (eds.) (2007). “Biophotonics 2007: Optics in Life Sciences”, Proceedings of SPIE-OSA Biomedical Optics, SPIE Volume 6633, 66331J.

Post, Stephen (2008).  “Why Good Things Happen to Good People”, Dalai Lama Center for Peace and Education, public lecture delivered at the Ridge Theatre in Vancouver, British Columbia, May 2, 2008.

Powell, Alvin (2009). “Lieberman expounds on ‘dysevolution’”, Harvard News Office, 2009.03.12.

Powell, Alvin (2007). “Humans hot, sweaty, natural-born runners”, Harvard News Office, 2007.04.19.

Prather et al (2008), “Precise auditory–vocal mirroring in neurons for learned vocal communication”, Nature, Volume 451, pp 305-310 (2008.01.17)

Proudfoot, Shannon (2009). “Canadian divorce rate unlikely to drop: report”, National Post / Canwest News Service, 2009.11.19.

Pub Med (2005).  U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health,

Pugh, Martin (1998), “The Daily Mirror and the Revival of Labour, 1935-1945”, Twentieth Century British History, Oxford University Press, 1998 9(3):420-438.



Radin, Dean I. (1997).  The Conscious Universe: The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena. New York: Harper Edge.

Ramachandran, Vilayanur (2007). “A Journey to the Center of Your Mind”, TED Conference, Monterey, California, March 2007. (The brain structure called the angular gyrus is at the cross-roads between hearing, vision and touch and therefore is thought to be the basis of abstraction, metaphor and creativity from a neurological point of view. This region of the brain is eight times larger in humans than it is in lower primates.)

Ravid, Barak (2010.07.13). “Foreign Ministry advises IDF: Don’t stop Gadhafi ship until it approaches Gaza waters”, Haaretz,

Reesal, Robin T. and Bajramovic, Hifzija (1989). “Social Phobias: A Behaviour and Pharmacological Approach”, Canadian Family Physician, Volume 35: May 1989, pp. 1157-1160.

Reiner, Rob and Sorkin, Alan (1992). “A Few Good Men”, David Brown, Rob Reiner, Andrew Scheinman, producers; Alan Sorkin, screenwriter; Rob Reiner, director; Columbia Pictures.

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Reuters (2010). “Netanyahu defends Gaza blockade as Israel deports activists”, as posted on 2010.06.02.

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Ricard, Matthieu (2007).  “Training the Mind: Science and Spirituality”, College for Inter-Disciplinary Studies, University of British Columbia, March 9, 2007.  Lecture on the empirical research on brain plasticity and how happiness can be cultivated through meditation.

Ricard, Matthieu (2004). See: Lutz, Antoine et al. 2004.

Rice, Ann (2008). “The Power of Emotional Intelligence”, Stirling Executive Coaching,  (Abstract:  Life skills course presented by the University of British Columbia, Continuing Studies, Life and Career Centre at Robson Square, Vancouver, BC, December 6, 2008.)

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Rios, Dan (2007). “Bullies, bare fists, and bad grades: A psychological investigation of why we can’t get along”, University of Toronto Varsity newspaper, 2007.05.15.

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Saad, Gad & Vongas, John G. (2009).  “The Effect of Conspicuous Consumption on Men’s Testosterone Levels”, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Volume 110, pages 80-92.

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Sanders, Laura (2009). “Human Brain Can Control Single Celebrity-Recognizing Neurons”, Science News, magazine of the Society for Society and the Public, posted on Wired Science, 2009.10.20.  Abstract:  Neuroscientist Moran Cerf from Cal Tech presented the results of their study into the controllability of single brain cells in the medial temporal lobe involved in attention, perception and memory to the annual general meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

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Savir, Uri (2008). Peace First: A New Model to End War, San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.

Scafidi, B.P. et al (2008). “The Taxpayer Costs of Divorce and Unwed Childbearing:  First-Ever Estimates for the Nation and All 50 States”, Institute for American Values, Institute for Marriage and Public Policy, Georgia Family Council, and Families Northwest, 2008.04.

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Scientific American (2004). “Gene Study Suggests Early Humans Traded Mighty Bite for Bigger Brains”, Scientific American, March 25, 2004.  (Abstract:  Report on work by Hansell Stedman et al from the University of Pennsylvania.)

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Sheldrake, R., McKenna, T., and Abraham, R. (1998). The Evolutionary Mind, Trilogues at the Edge of the Millennium, University of California at Santa Cruz, Trilogue Press, June 6, 1998.

Siddique, Haroon (2008). “The rise of the oil firm chiefs”, The Guardian, UK, June 23, 2008.

Siegel, Daniel J. (2007). The Mindful Brain, New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Simpson, Jeffrey (2001). The Friendly Dictatorship, McClelland & Stewart; First Edition.

Skloot, Rebecca (2008). “Why Is It So Damn Hard to Change?” O, The Oprah Magazine, 2008.09.01.

Smith, Gerry (2000). Work Rage: Identify the Problems, Implement the Solutions. Toronto: Harper Collins Canada Limited.

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Spottiswoode, Roger (2007).  Shake Hands with the Devil, Barna-Alper Productions, Halifax, Canada. Abstract: A film adaptation of General Romeo Dallaire’s autobiography of the same title about the genocide in Rwanda and the UN peace-keeping mission that failed to prevent it.

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Stone, Laura (2009).  “Lack of sex attracts teen girls to Twilight series:  Study”, Vancouver Sun/Canwest News Service, 2009.11.18. Abstract:  University of Missouri communications professor Melissa Click surveyed 4,000 Twilight fans aged 11 to 70 years of age.  One third of the sample population were teens.  N = 70.  The desire for romance among teenage girls has remained intact despite an increasingly sexualized youth culture.  Second study by Youthography (N= 500 girls from 14 to 18) found only a quarter of the females surveyed were interested in sex, more than 50% said they thought of marriage and having children.

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Swaminathan, Nikhil (2006). “High IQs May help Thwart Post-Traumatic Stress”, Scientific American, November 6, 2006,



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Telis, Gisela (2010.04.20). “Clever Crows, Complex Cognition”, Science Now, Science Magazine’s on-line news service.

Telis, Gisela (2010.04.15). “Multitasking Splits the Brain”, Science Now, Science Magazine’s on-line news service. Abstract:  Reviews research of Etienne Koechlin and Sylvain Charron from France’s INSERM biomedical research agency.

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Torrice, Michael (2009.12.04). “Why Your Older Brother Didn’t Share: Sibling pecking order makes firstborns less cooperative than their siblings,” ScienceNow Daily News, Science Magazine’s on-line news service.

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Zimbardo, Philip G. (2007). Stanford Prison Experiment:  A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment Conducted at Stanford University, Stanford, California.

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Zyga, Lisa (2010.05.10). “New evidence for quantum Darwinism found in quantum dots”,,  Abstract:  Lisa Zyga reporting on Burke, A.M. et al (2010) “Periodic Scarred States in Open Quantum Dots as Evidence of Quantum Darwinism”, Physical Review Letters, 104, 176801. Doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.176801



(1)  According to  However, according to the quote in question was limited to:  Workers of the world unite in the closing words of the Communist Manifesto published in 1848, and did not include the reference to chains.  This latter reference was a modification of another similar quote, namely: The worker of the world has nothing to lose but their chains, workers of the world unite. (See:,_unite! )

Another interesting side-note according to Wikipedia, Karl Marx was born into a Jewish family in the Rhineland region of Germany.  His father Heinrich, who had descended from a long line of rabbis and who was born Herschel Mordechai, converted to Lutheran Christianity. He was said to have admired French Enlightenment figures such as Voltaire and Rousseau.